Volvo Engine Types Explained

Volvo offers a variety of configurations for each of its models, including different trim levels, options packages, and powertrains. As the Swedish automaker strives for its goal of a 50% PHEV/50% pure-electric lineup by 2025, it may be a bit challenging to parse all the currently available powertrain options. So, to help you in your search for your next Volvo luxury vehicle, we've outlined the four powertrain types below, with details on their specifications and applicable models.

Volvo Gasoline Powertrains

Volvo offers three gas-only powertrains, designated T4, T5, and T6, all paired with a smooth and precise 8-speed automatic transmission.

  • T4: The base engine for the Volvo XC40 is a turbocharged 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine that makes 187 horsepower and 221 pound-feet of torque. The XC40 T4 is front-wheel drive.

  • T5: The T5 is a higher-tuned version of the same 2.0-liter turbo-four. On the XC40, it generates 248 horsepower and 258 pound-feet of torque and comes standard with AWD. All other gas-only models make 250 horsepower and come with standard FWD or available AWD. The T5 engine is standard on the Volvo XC90, V60 and V60 Cross Country.

  • T6: The T6 powertrain adds a supercharger to the mix. The result "twincharged" powertrain produces 316 horsepower and 295 pound-feet of torque and comes standard with AWD. The T6 is available on the XC90.

Volvo Mild Hybrid Powertrains

Beginning with the 2022 model year, Volvo has swapped the T5 and T6 gas-only powertrains for new B5 and B6 "mild hybrid" (MHEV) variants. The MHEV powertrains add a 48-volt electric motor to assist the gasoline engine during high load situations, like ignition and stop-starting. The result is reduced fuel consumption, lower emissions, and smoother acceleration.

  • B5: Generating 247 horsepower and 258 lb-ft of torque, the B5 MHEV powertrain is standard on the Volvo S60 and Volvo XC60.

  • B6: The optional B6 MHEV powertrain loses a bit of horsepower but gains significant torque (295 hp, 310 lb-ft). It comes standard on the Volvo S90 and V90 Cross Country and is available for the XC60.

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Powertrains

For Cleveland drivers seeking a boost to both performance and efficiency, Volvo offers two variants of its plug-in hybrid (PHEV) powertrain. These powertrains bolster the 2.0-liter twincharged engine with an electric motor and 11.6-kWh battery pack that enables an electric-only range of 18 to 22 miles depending on the model.

  • Recharge: Previously known as the "T8," Volvo Recharge models make a prodigious 400 hp and 472 lb-ft of torque. The Recharge PHEV powertrain is available for the Volvo S60, S90, XC60, and XC90.

  • Polestar Engineered: A higher-tuned variant of the same PHEV powertrain, Polestar Engineered models produce 415 hp and 494 lb-ft. The Polestar Engineered powertrain is available for the Volvo S60, V60, and XC60.

Volvo Pure Electric Powertrains

While the internal combustion engine has come a long way in its extensive history, its inherent efficiency limitations and collective environmental impact have spurred the pursuit of a viable alternative. Electric vehicles are much more efficient than gas-only engines in converting their fuel source into useful energy, resulting in significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions and lower operating costs. Plus, sealed electric motors don't require many routine service items like oil changes or belt replacements, saving you time and money on maintenance, too.

Standard on the XC40 Recharge Twin and C40 Recharge Twin Volvo's pure electric powertrain consists of a pair of potent electric motors, one on each axle, that produce an all-wheel-drive 402 hp and 487 lb-ft torque. Volvo pure-electric powertrains generate near-instant torque, capable of accelerating to 60 mph from a standstill in under 4.7 seconds. The 75-kWh lithium-ion battery provides an estimated 223 miles of emissions-free range and can be fully charged in about 8 hours using Level 2 220V charging equipment. And with 150-kW fast charging, you can add 80% charge in under 40 minutes.

  1. Leikin Volvo Cars Cleveland

    38750 Mentor Ave
    Willoughby, OH 44094

    • Sales: 866-210-0120
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